Desgin a temperature detector through raspberry pi and DS18B20 Temperature Sensor

Byamber

Desgin a temperature detector through raspberry pi and DS18B20 Temperature Sensor

Overview

DS18B20 is a 1-wire temperature sensor,Since the Raspberry Pi has no ADC (Analog to Digital Converter), it cannot directly use an analog temperature sensor like the TMP36, making the DS18B20 a good choice for temperature sensing. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use a DS18B20 with the Raspberry Pi to take temperature readings.

DSC_5465

Parts

The parts list for program as followed:

PI
Pi3 x1
EASM100100
DS18B20 x1
EACW100500
Jumer wires x3

Connecting the DS18B20 sensor

Make sure the connecting as followed, if you put it wrong way around, it will got hot and break.

DS18B20 Raspberry Pi
Right leg(S) GPIO4
Left leg(-) GND
Middle leg(VCC) 5V

ds18b20_python

Add OneWire support

Raspbian support single-bus protocal, so it can connect with 1-wire device such as DS18B20. Open terminal and input following command to add onewire suppot:

sudo nano /boot/config.txt

Then scrolling to the bottom and typing the followed command:

dtoverlay=w1-gpio

Press Ctrl + X key, then press Y to save file. Then reboot with sudo reboot. when the Pi is back up and you are logged in again, type the command: lsmod to check if the temperature sensor is valid to read. if there are two line as shown below, it means the there is a valid temperature to read.

2017-03-20-075235_1824x984_scrot

Otherwise you need to type the commands as followed:

sudo modprobe w1-gpio
sudo modprobe w1-therm

If the temperature sensor is connected to Raspberry pi, the sensor will appear with an address in the format: 28-XXXX in the dirctory /sys/bus/w1/devices. Each DS18B20 temperature sensor has a unique hard-coded address so that you can connect up multiple temperature sensors when required and still read them individually. using “cd”to go to the directory and view the temperature reading by typing following commands:

cd /sys/bus/w1/devices
cd /28-xxxxxx
cat w1_slave

Software

Eenter below command to creat a file named tem.py

sudo nano temp.py

The Python program deals with any failed messages and reports the temperature in degrees C and F every second. here is a example code in Python:

import os
import glob
import time

os.system('modprobe w1-gpio')
os.system('modprobe w1-therm')

base_dir = '/sys/bus/w1/devices/'
device_folder = glob.glob(base_dir + '28*')[0]
device_file = device_folder + '/w1_slave'

def read_temp_raw():
    f = open(device_file, 'r')
    lines = f.readlines()
    f.close()
    return lines

def read_temp():
    lines = read_temp_raw()
    while lines[0].strip()[-3:] != 'YES':
        time.sleep(0.2)
        lines = read_temp_raw()
    equals_pos = lines[1].find('t=')
    if equals_pos != -1:
        temp_string = lines[1][equals_pos+2:]
        temp_c = float(temp_string) / 1000.0
        temp_f = temp_c * 9.0 / 5.0 + 32.0
        return temp_c, temp_f
  
while True:
  print('C =%3.3f F = %3.3f'% read_temp())  
  time.sleep(1)

2017-03-20-084757_1824x984_scrot

Comments

1)os.system(‘modprobe w1-gpio’) and os.system(‘modprobe w1-therm’)

–include modprobe w1-gpio and modprobe w1-therm library

2)base_dir = ‘/sys/bus/w1/devices/’ and device_folder = glob.glob(base_dir + ’28*’)[0]

— define base(root) directory to location 28-xxxxx device file

3)device_file = device_folder + ‘/w1_slave’

–define device data file location(temperature sensor data stream is read like a file stream)

4)while lines[0].strip()[3:] != ‘YES’:

— Keep reading the temperature sensor data(from device_file) until last 3 characters are ‘YES’

5)equals_pos = lines[1].find(‘t=’)

–read the data line ,find the string ‘t=’ which is the sign of temperature data

About the Author

amber administrator

1 Comment so far

elam6437Posted on  4:31 pm - Jul 26, 2017

I am quite infuriated that you write code and show diagrams on all other sensors except the touch sensor!!!! Please fix it!! Just know I was your biggest fan, now Im not!!!!
-Love
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